Vitamin: Fresh leaves hold moderate amounts of essential B-complex groups of vitamins such as folic acid, pantothenic acid (vitamin B5), pyridoxine (vitamin B6) and thiamin (vitamin B1) niacin (B3). 

Anti-malarial Agent: This bitter principle in the radicchio is lactucopicrin (intybin), a sesquiterpene lactone. Lactucoplcrin is a potent anti-material aganet that has a sedative and analgesic (painkiller) effect. 

Protect Eyes: It's leaves are an excellent source of phenolic flavonoid antioxidants such as zea-xanthin, and lutein. Together with lutein, it helps protect eyes from age-related macular disease (ARMD) by filtering harmful ultra violet rays. 

Reduce Cholesterol: Radicchio promotes bile production which in turn improves digestion and reduces cholesterol. Reducing cholesterol is directly beneficial to organ health and vigor.